Archives for the Date August 22nd, 2019

80slater: Dead Poets Society (1989)

80slater:
Dead Poets Society (1989)

miellekingsleigh: crush-cafe: theres a petition going around. PLEASE sign it. this is…

miellekingsleigh:

crush-cafe:

theres a petition going around. PLEASE sign it. this is HUGE

herongraystairs-tid:

DON’T SCROLL PAST THIS

for the last 2+ weeks, the Amazon has been catching fire. Yes, it’s the season where that’s normal but because of the sayings (aka incentive) of our new president, some farmers are taking advantage of that and intentionally setting the trees on fire. Yesterday, because of this, the sky of São Paulo looked like this. AT THREE IN THE AFTERNOON.

Hospitals of the northern states are filling up with people (especially children and seniors) claiming they can’t breathe properly. ALREADY ENDANGERED ANIMALS ARE DYING. THIS IS SERIOUS.

Germany and Norway, huge donators to the Amazon cause will stop sending money because they don’t see results (that can also be credited to our president, who has been tweeting angrily ever since – not because he cares about the environment, btw). That money gives this guy and his team equipment to save little guys like these:

THIS AFFECTS EVERYONE, NOT JUST BRAZILIANS. The Amazon is the largest rainforest in the world, and it’s being destroyed. WE HAVE TO DO SOMETHING.

If your country is holding elections, vote for someone who cares about this. Don’t let another Bolsonaro or another Trump have the power to do something and then do nothing. This is going to shape our future — if we have one.

PLEASE REBLOG, EVERYONE NEEDS TO SEE THIS!!

side note: not to sound bitter or ungrateful but also like what’s up with Europe… y’all exploited South America for centuries but just because you “aren’t seeing results” you stop helping altogether?? if you really wanted to help you wouldn’t stop because you think you aren’t helping lol

Please reblog to spread the news. This is important.

don-cosciotte: So, our “Lung” is on fire. It is already threatened by huge deforestation, to the…

don-cosciotte:

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So, our “Lung” is on fire.

It is already threatened by huge deforestation, to the point it lost 20% of its width in less than 30 years.

It’s been burning for around two weeks and almost no word has been uttered about it. I, sincerely, have come to find out about it just now. I’m shooketh ™️ because we’re really burning away this planet.

The Amazon Rainforest holds 20% of global waters, it’s an area of incredible value in terms of biodiversity and, nevermind, it’s a crucial climate regulator. Spread awareness, demand help.

Human Rights: An Introduction

scripttorture:

The
Human Rights Act is a piece of legislation most people have probably
heard of but there’s a lack of understanding about what it actually
says and does.

For
a start there’s a difference between the Human Rights Act
and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The former is a set of
laws from the 1990s based around the European Convention on Human
Rights. The latter is a state from the UN just after the Second World
War which was envisioned as a roadmap to a better, more humane world.

This
is a brief introduction, I’m not a lawyer, going into the detail is
beyond me and probably only useful for a very small minority of
stories. Keep in mind that I’m UK based and the content and
enforcement of human rights laws varies from country to country.

Behind
the Universal Declaration of Human Rights is a rather revolutionary
idea: that everyone, regardless of who they are or what
they’ve done, is entitled to a basic standard of treatment simply
because they’re human.

I’m
going to go through the Universal Declaration as a quick, bullet
point list to give an idea of what people see as essential to human
rights. I’m going to go through the articles of the Human Rights
Act in more detail to give an idea of how countries turn the ideals
into law.

The
Universal Declaration of Human Rights

  1. All human beings are born free and equal.
  2. Everyone is equal regardless of race, colour, sex, language,
    religion, politics or where they were born.
  3. Everyone has the right to life and to live in freedom and safety.
  4. Everyone has the right to be free from slavery.
  5. Everyone has the right to be free from torture.
  6. Everyone has the right to be recognised before the law.
  7. We are all equal before the law.
  8. Everyone has the right to seek justice if their rights are violated.
  9. Everyone has the right to be free from arbitrary arrest, detention
    or exile.
  10. Everyone has the right to a fair trial.
  11. Everyone has the right to be presumed innocent until proven guilty.
  12. Everyone has the right to privacy and freedom from attacks on their
    reputation.
  13. Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and to be free to
    leave and return to their own country.
  14. Everyone has the right to seek asylum from persecution.
  15. Everyone has the right to a nationality.
  16. Everyone has the right to marry and to have a family.
  17. Everyone has the right to own property.
  18. Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and
    religion.
  19. Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression.
  20. Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and
    association.
  21. Everyone has the right to take part in government and to have equal
    access to public service.
  22. Everyone has the right to social security.
  23. Everyone has the right to work, to equal pay, to protection against
    unemployment and the right to form and join trade unions.
  24. Everyone has the right to rest and leisure.
  25. Everyone has the right to a decent standard of living, including
    food, clothing, housing, medical care and social services.
  26. Everyone has the right to education.
  27. Everyone has the right to participate in and enjoy culture, art and
    science.
  28. Everyone has the right to a social and international order where the
    rights in this Declaration can be fully realised.
  29. We have a duty to other people and we should protect their rights
    and freedoms.
  30. Nobody can take away these rights and freedoms from us.

The
Human Rights Act

There
are 14 Articles in the Human Rights Act. I’m not covering Article 1
and Article 13 because they effectively state that countries should
apply the Human Rights Act and enforce laws protecting human rights.
There’ll be a sentence or two about what each Article says and a
little bit of unpacking what that means.

Article
2:
Right to life.

This
actually has quite a broad application. It does mean that nobody has
the right to end another person’s life, but it also means that
states have a responsibility to protect people’s lives and consider
whether any action effects life expectancy. Making a hospital
inaccessible to a group of people could breach their right to life if
it means their life expectancy drops.

An exception is made for authority figures using ‘proportionate
force’ in the course of arrest, escape from prisons or to prevent
violence against other people.

Article
3:
Right to freedom from
torture and inhuman or degrading treatment.

This
does what it says on the tin. It bans to use of deliberately
inflicted pain (mental or physical) using the legal
definition of torture
.
It then expands that to include the same acts in scenarios that
wouldn’t
legally be torture.

Article
4:
Right
to freedom from slavery and forced labour.

This
Article defines and bans slavery. You
can read more about modern slavery in this ask.

There
are a couple of exceptions, the first is sentenced community service
or prison labour. The next is state-sponsered relief efforts in an
emergency. So if there’s an earthquake and your character is
capable
of taking part in relief efforts governments can require them to take
part. It also doesn’t cover things that are classed as normal parts
of being a citizen, such as jury duty.

Article
5:
Right to liberty and
security.

The idea behind this is individual protection from unreasonable
imprisonment. Essentially it means that if you’re arrested you need
to be told why and what the charges are. You need to be taken to
court promptly, have a trial as quickly as is practical and be able
to challenge your imprisonment in court if you think it’s unlawful.

It essentially means that a character can only be imprisoned by the
state if there’s a clear, lawful reason for it, such as being found
guilty of a crime or being sectioned under laws relating to mental
health.

Article
6:
Right to a fair trial.

This
counts for characters charged with a crime and
for characters who think state action has impacted their civil
rights.

It means that cases need to be held in a reasonable time, by
impartial decision makers. People involved are given all the relevant
information and have access to lawyers and interpreters.

It also means that a character who is going to court should: be
presumed innocent, allowed to remain silent, told what they’re
charged with, provided with a lawyer, given time to prepare their
case, given any relevant information, allowed to attend their trial,
put forward their side of the story and question or call witnesses.

There are restrictions on Article 6. In the UK there are exceptions
under immigration law, tax law and laws to do with voting rights.
People can also be restricted from accessing courts if they miss a
defined time limit for bringing a case to court or if they repeatedly
bring cases that are judged as a waste of time.

Article
7:
No punishment outside the
law.

This means that a character shouldn’t be charged with a crime if
their action wasn’t against the law when they did it.

There
is
an exception for anything that is ‘against the general law of
civilised nations’. What that essentially means is that if a
character commits war crimes (ie genocide) they can be charged even
if there isn’t a specific law on the books.

Article
8:
Right to a private and
family life.

This
one is pretty broad. It essentially boils down to the idea that a
state can’t tell you who to form a relationship with or how
valuable those relationships are. The state also can’t dictate what
your lifestyle should be, so long as you’re not harming anyone
else.

The
simplest part of this is characters having a right to remain in
contact with their families. But it also means a right to developing
a personal identity, covering things like figuring out sexuality,
deciding how to dress, how to live and how to participate in society.
In it’s broadest sense this means a state has an obligation to make
sure all groups of people can participate in social, cultural,
economic and leisure activities. It also means a state should make
sure no one’s personal information is shared without their consent.

Interfering
with a character’s rights under this Article need to be
proportionate and there needs to be a good reason, such as preventing
a crime or protecting the rights and freedoms of other people.

Article
9:
Freedom of thought, belief
and religion.

This Article protects the right to hold beliefs, change them and, to
a certain extent, put them into practice. It includes no-religious
beliefs, such as atheism and pacifism. But it does need to be
sincere, serious and concern important aspects of human life.

The
right to hold and change beliefs is regarded as absolute but the
right to put them into practice can be suspended in order to protect
public safety, health or the rights and freedoms of other people.
Once again, this is supposed to be proportionate.

Article
10:
Freedom of expression.

This
covers public protest but it also covers the media, books, art, TV
and the internet. It counts for the person giving and receiving
information, so it doesn’t just cover the producers of a show but
the audience as well.  

It’s supposed to protect an individual if they want to criticise
the government or other prominent individuals but it also covers
fiction and the arts.

And once again there is an allowance for proportionate restrictions
to prevent crime and protect other people. Which means that hate
speech is not protected. Information can also be suppressed to
prevent prejudicing judges and to prevent release of private
information that was given in confidence.

Article
11:
Freedom of assembly and
association.

The crux of this Article is that people should be allowed to form and
join peaceful groups and shouldn’t be forced to join any
groups. The usual examples are political parties and trade unions.

Again, this can be suspended if it’s a proportionate response
that’s necessary to prevent a crime or protect other people’s
rights.

Article
12:
Right to marry and start a
family.

Restrictions on this right mostly come from national laws about
things like the age of majority (legal adulthood) and what counts as
incest.

Article
14:
Protection from
discrimination in respect to these rights and freedoms.

This
essentially means that all the rights and freedoms defined in the act
apply to everyone. It covers things like race, disability and
religion but it also covers things that aren’t discussed as often,
like ‘illegitimate’ births, trade union membership and linguistic
minorities.

It
also covers indirect discrimination. Which means that if a general
rule disadvantages a particular group it’s going against Article
14.

In
short-

Human
rights are a powerful, levelling concept and regardless of whether
your story is set in the modern era they can be relevant. Consider
whether the cultures in your world have equivalent concepts and
whether they prioritise the same rights. If you’re writing fantasy
or sci fi consider whether these rights and broader conception of
personhood are extended to any non-human groups.

The
concept of human rights grew out of violations of them. This codified
standard came from a background of war crimes, and that means that
the factors deemed worthy of
protection say something about the cultures and history which fed
into them.  

Do
all these factors apply to your
world? Do the same kinds of discrimination exist, historically or in
the present? What do people deem ‘proportionate’? Did historical
trauma feed in to the concept of dignity and correct behaviour? Did
it pre-date them? Is there
even an attempt at defining universal rights or is everything
dependent on the local law and culture?

Most
stories are not going to need you to go through and define an
equivalent (or not) of the Universal Declaration. But a rough idea
could help you sketch out ideals about right and wrong, it can help
to make a world feel more consistent, deeper and richer.

Available
on Wordpress.

Disclaimer

dutchster: handing over the planet to the next generation like

dutchster:

handing over the planet to the next generation like

nikkoliferous: 14bux: This is what the Sims see I can’t stop…

nikkoliferous:

14bux:

This is what the Sims see

I can’t stop laughing 😂

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